How to make a website responsive using CSS?

A

Akanksha Verma

Make a Website Responsive Using CSS

If you are looking for code on how to create a responsive website by using CSS, then this article will help you to design a perfect responsive website. To make a website responsive using CSS, you can use media queries and flexible layout techniques. Here's a step-by-step guide to help create a responsive website:

1. Add the Viewport Meta Tag

Place the following meta tag inside the <head> section of your HTML file to ensure proper scaling on different devices:

Syntax Code

<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">

2. Use a Mobile-First Approach

Start designing your website layout for mobile devices first and then progressively enhance it for larger screens.

3. Use CSS Flexbox and/or Grid

CSS Flexbox and Grid layout provide powerful tools for creating flexible and responsive designs. It allows to arrangement of elements in rows and columns and creates responsive grids. Here's an example of a simple header and content layout:

Syntax Code

.header { display: flex; justify-content: space-between; align-items: center; padding: 20px; }

.content {display: flex; flex-wrap: wrap; }

.card {  flex: 1; max-width: 300px;  margin: 10px; }

4. Implement Media Queries

Use media queries to apply different CSS styles based on the screen size. Define different CSS rules for specific breakpoints. 

Syntax Code

/* Default styles for all screen sizes */

body { font-size: 16px; }

/* Styles for screens with a width of 600 pixels or more */

@media screen and (min-width: 600px) {

  body { font-size: 18px;}

  /* Additional styles for larger screens */

  .header { padding: 30px; }

  .card { max-width: 400px; }

}

5. Fluid Typography

Use relative units (em, rem, vw, vh) for font sizes to allow the text to scale appropriately with the screen size.

Syntax Code

body { font-size: 16px; }

/* Fluid typography example */

h1 { font-size: 2em; /* 2 times the base font size (32px) */ }

@media screen and (min-width: 600px) {

  body { font-size: 18px; }

  h1 { font-size: 2.5em; /* 2.5 times the base font size (45px) */  }

}

6. Responsive Images

Use the max-width: 100%; style for images to prevent them from overflowing their containers on smaller screens.

Syntax Code

img { max-width: 100%; height: auto;}

7. Test on Multiple Devices

Always test your responsive website on different devices and screen sizes to ensure it functions as intended.

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